Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

Minor Occupation Group

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2020 Workforce
8.62M
Average Age
33
Average Salary
$19,637
Average Male Salary
$22,207
Average Female Salary
$17,461

About

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are most often employed by the Restaurants & Food Services industry. The average yearly wage for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations was $19,637 in 2016. The top 3 most similar occupations to Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations by wage are Personal Care & Service Occupations, Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations, and Healthcare Support Occupations.

The top 3 locations that employ the most Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Spring Valley & Summerlin South PUMA, NV, Maui, Kalawao & Kauai Counties PUMA, HI, and Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV. The top 3 locations with a relatively high concentration of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV, Elmhurst & South Corona PUMA, NY, and LA City (Central/Koreatown) PUMA, CA.

Employment

Information on the businesses and industries that employ Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations and on wages and locations for those in the field. Restaurants & Food Services is the industry that employs the most Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, both by share and by number, though the highest paid industry for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, by average wage, is Alcoholic beverages merchant wholesalers. Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are paid most in Chelsea, Clinton & Midtown Business District PUMA, NY but are relatively concentrated in Paradise (Northwest) & Winchester PUMA, NV.

Wages

Yearly Wage

$19,637
AVERAGE SALARY
± $187

In 2020, Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations earned an average of $19,637, $36,316 less than than the average national salary of $55,954.

Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are the lowest paid occupation in the US followed by Personal Care & Service Occupations. This chart shows the various occupations closest to Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations as measured by average annual salary in the US.

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Wage Distribution

0.413
WAGE GINI

In 2015, Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations had a wage GINI coefficient of 0.413, which is lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (shown in red) than for the overall labor force (shown in gray).

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Wage by Location

This map shows the Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States shaded by average annual wage for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Spatial Concentration

PUMAs with a Relatively High Concentration of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations

This map displays which Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) in the United States have a relatively high population of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Industries

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, by average wage, are Alcoholic beverages merchant wholesalers, Nondepository credit & related activities, and Natural gas distribution.

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Industries by Share

8.62M
2020 Workforce
± 69,940
−2.43%
1 YEAR GROWTH
± 1.17%

The number of people employed as Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations has been declining at a rate of −2.43%, from 8,830,539 people in 2019 to 8,616,074 people in 2020.

This graphic shows the share of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations employed by various industries. Restaurants & Food Services employs the largest share of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations at  75.5%, followed by Elementary & secondary schools with 3.61% and Traveler accommodation with 2.88%.

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Diversity

Demographic information on Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations in the US. The average age of male Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations in the workforce is 31.9 and of female Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is 33.9, and the most common race/ethnicity for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is White (Non-Hispanic).

Composition by Sex

3.95M
MALE WORKFORCE
± 48,148
4.66M
FEMALE WORKFORCE
± 52,185

54.1% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are Female, making them the more common sex in the occupation. This chart shows the sex breakdown of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
  2. White (Hispanic)
  3. Black (Non-Hispanic)

51.7% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations are White (Non-Hispanic), making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 13.8% of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations, White (Hispanic) is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. This chart shows the racial and ethnic breakdown of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations.

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Age by Sex

31.9
AVERAGE MALE AGE
± 0.166
33.9
AVERAGE FEMALE AGE
± 0.171

The median age of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is 33, and Male employees are generally 2 years younger than than their Female counterparts.

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Education

Data on higher education choices for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from The Department of Education and Census Bureau. The most common major for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations is Business but a relatively high number of Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations hold a major in Personal & Culinary Services.

Majors

ACS PUMS data only shows the major for bachelor's degrees. However, we can filter the data based on highest degree obtained.
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Skills

Data on the critical and distinctive skills necessary for Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations need many skills, but most especially Monitoring, Coordination, and Speaking. The revealed comparative advantage (RCA) shows that Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations need more than the average amount of Quality Control Analysis, Troubleshooting, and Technology Design.

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